There are many approaches to addiction recovery treatment and rehabilitation. Therapy that is based exclusively on measurable, reproducible, scientific research is referred to as “research-based therapy” or “evidence-based therapy” as opposed to spiritually, religiously, or holistically-based treatment methods.
Research-Based Behavioral Therapy for Addiction
Counseling and other behavioral addiction treatment options use proven techniques to help addicts become involved and engaged in their own recovery. They utilize methods such as the following:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy provides education and counseling that help patients learn new skills related to impulse control, emotion regulation, self-awareness, and communication effectiveness
- 12-step programs help individuals acknowledge a need for help, recognize an inability to help themselves, and accept the need for making amends whenever possible
- Community reinforcement programs provide proven counseling strategies for addicts and the members of their families, schools, and neighborhoods
- The Matrix Model combines various proven treatment methodologies into a unique and intensive program targeting stimulant addicts
Research-Based Medical Therapy for Addiction
A range of medical approaches are available for the treatment of the following addictions:
- Alcohol addiction
- Opiate addiction
- Amphetamine addiction
- Marijuana addiction
Replacement therapies use drugs such as methadone to satisfy the brain and body’s need for drugs without providing the euphoric or desirable effects of the drug. Agonist medications including naltrexone and buprenorphine prevent the addict from experiencing any of the desired euphoric sensations when they abuse opiates or alcohol. In some cases, they can cause harsh physical reactions when substances are abused. A person taking naltrexone will experience nausea, vomiting, feverishness, and other adverse symptoms if he or she takes opiates or drinks alcohol. The fear of these symptoms helps addicts stay clean longer, but replacement therapy and medical treatment alone are not enough for lasting recovery. These research-based addiction treatment options should be combined with counseling and therapy for the best results.